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DIABETES

Known as diabetes mellitus and differentiated into type 1 (pancreatic beta cell death; absolute insulin deficiency) and type 2 (pancreatic exhaustion, insulin resistance, relative insulin deficiency), this is a metabolic disorder affecting millions all over the world...

PARATHYROID AND CALCIUM HOMEOSTASIS

Calcium is an essential ion that is regulated in the body very tightly so that essential bodily functions are not affected by lack or excess of this vital element. Calcium that is present in the diet is absorbed in the gut in the presence of Vitamin D....

ENDOCRINOLOGY

The study of glands and their secretions, called hormones. Hormones are chemical messengers that communicate with nearby cells, organs or distant cells or tissues. Hormones can be proteins or amino acids, ions or steroid molecules....